Earlier this week, embattled former US president Donald Trump easily defeated his closest rivals, Florida Governor Ron DeSantis (21%), and former South Carolina Governor Nikki Haley (19%), winning the Iowa presidential caucus by 51%.
With the Republican presidential primary season about to begin, Trump has an advantage because to this.
States in the United States usually hold their primaries six to nine months prior to the presidential election. Voters cast secret ballots to select their preferred candidates during these primaries, and the state uses the results to award delegates to the victorious candidates.
Several states hold caucuses in the months before a presidential election in addition to primaries. Unlike primaries, which are arranged by the state’s election officials, caucuses are managed by political parties.
In a show of hands, party members select their preferred nominee during caucuses. Delegates are ultimately awarded to candidates based on how many votes they receive at the caucus.
Who are the delegates?
Appointed as representatives of their political party, delegates will speak for their state at the national convention of the party. In this instance, the Republican Party will conduct their national convention in July, with incumbent Joe Biden running as the Democrats’ unopposed nominee.
To secure the Republican nomination, a contender must be supported by 1,215 delegates. Each state has a fixed number of delegates per political party, and different states have different ways for a candidate to win delegates — some states use the ‘winner takes all approach,’ which means the candidate who wins the primary or caucus gets all the delegates, while others use a system in which each candidate receives delegates based on the percentage of votes they received.